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高考英语人教版必修一一轮复*第四单元详解及练*PPT课件

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Unit 4 Earthquakes

Unit 4 Earthquakes

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Ⅰ.单词语境中记忆,训练中积累 Practice makes perfect.

(Ⅰ)用所给单词的适当形

式填空

1.“-ing 与-ed”结尾的形容词集锦

1.The frightening scene

surprising 令人吃惊的 surprised

frightened the girl and we 吃惊的

could see from her

disappointing 令人失望的

disappointe

frightened expression that terrifying 令人恐怖的

terrified 害

she was

frightening 令人惊恐的

frightened

frightened .(frighten)

moving 感人的 moved 感动的

2.In the crash he was

2.与 burst 变化形式相同的动词

seriously injured .He burst burst burst 爆发;爆裂

suffered severe injuries to upset upset upset 使不安;使心烦

the head and

cast cast cast 投;掷

arms.(injure)

cost cost cost 花费

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Ⅰ.单词语境中记忆,训练中积累
3.His car was damaged in the accident and so he got some damages from the insurance company.(damage) 4.The storm destroyed many houses,and the destruction of the railways was the biggest loss in the storm.(destroy) (Ⅱ)根据语境填写单词 1.She found it was extremely (极其)difficult to get a job.

Practice makes perfect. 3.不一样的“惊讶” surprised 感到惊讶的 astonished 惊讶的 amazed 惊奇的 shocked 震惊的 4.shock 用法小结 be shocked by/at 对……感到震惊 a great shock 令人震惊的事 be a shock to sb.对某人来说是个 打击 shocking 令人震惊的 study 埋头学*;专心学* bury one’s face in one’s hands 双手掩面

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2.You will ruin (毁坏) your future if you continue to be so foolish. 3.He stayed three days beneath the ruins before the rescue (救援)team found him. 4.I’d like to express(表示)my thanks to all those who have helped me. 5.Neighbours were shocked (震惊)that such an attack could happen in their area. 6. Judging (判断)by her last letter,she is having a wonderful time.

5.bury 的 常用短语
be buried in 埋头于 be buried in thought 沉思

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7.The children were trapped(困住)in a deep hole and couldn’t get out. 8.The factory was completely destroyed (毁坏)by fire. 9.Mary burst (爆发)into tears at the news that her father had passed away. 10.After the war they saved those who were alive and buried (埋葬)the dead.

bury oneself in study 埋头 学*;专心学 * bury one’s face in one’s hands 双手掩 面

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Ⅱ.短语应用中记忆,归纳中巩固 Custom makes all things easy.

(Ⅰ)完成短语

1.right away 立刻;马上

2.at an end 结束;终结

1.表示“立刻;马上”的词

3. a (great)number of 许多;大量





at once;right away;right

4. as if 好像;仿佛

now; in no time

5.dig out 掘出;发现

2.含有复数名词的短语

6. in ruins 严重受损;破败不堪

in ruins 破败不堪

(Ⅱ)用上面的短语填空

in rags 衣衫褴褛

1.A great number of people came to the in high spirits 情绪高涨

meeting from all over the country.

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2.The long cold winter was at an end . 3.You’d better set off right away ,or the meeting will begin. 4.The rescuers managed to dig out the trapped miners. 5.She loves the boy very much as if she were his mother.

3.表示数量的短语 a great deal of 许多;很多(修饰不可数 名词) an amount of/amounts of 大量的(修饰 不可数名词)a quantity of/quantities of 很多;大量(修饰可数或不可数名词) a great many 很多(修饰可数名词复数) many a 许多(修饰可数名词单数)

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Ⅲ.句式分析中思考,思考中贯通 Take your passion and make it come true.

1.It seemed as if the world was
at an end ! 世界似乎到了末日! 考点提炼: It seemed as if...句式。seem 后常接 that 或 as if 引导的从句。
2. All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 考点提炼:这是一个部分否定句。 all...not,both...not 为部分否定,其完全 否定形式用 none,neither。

1.他坐在那儿,好像什么 事都没发生过。 He sat there as if nothing had happened.
2.并不是每个人都诚实。 All the men are not honest.

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Ⅳ.语篇一箭双雕,步步登高 Kill two birds with one stone. Several days before July 28,1976,many strange things happened
in Tangshan.The water in the village wells 1. rose (rise)and fell.The water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst.They were 2. signs (sign)for the earthquake.But people in the city didn’t think much 3. of these.At 3:42 am that day,everything began to shake,4. which destroyed the city.Many people,5. including (include)workers and doctors,came to rescue those 6. trapped (trap)people under the ruins.7. Later (late)that afternoon,another big quake struck Tangshan.8. More (many)people were killed or 9. injured (injure)and more buildings fell down.Soldiers were called in to help the rescue workers.Teams were organized to dig out the trapped and bury 10.the dead.

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1.burst vi.(使)爆裂;(使)裂开;(使)炸开;突然出现;爆发 n.突然破 裂;爆发
领悟高考·究考法 诵读或翻译句子,体会黑体部分含义: (1)The pipe is easy to burst in cold winter. 在寒冷的冬季管道很容易爆裂。 (2)The dam burst because of the heavy rain. 因为大雨,堤坝决口了。 (3)The excellent performance of the little girl caused bursts of applause. 小女孩的出色表现赢得了阵阵掌声。

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(4)When I handed him the gift card,saying he could use it for whatever his family might need,he burst into tears.(2015·课标全国 Ⅰ,完形填空)
我把代金卡送给了那名男子,并告诉他可以用来购买家人可能需 要的任何东西的时候,他的眼泪夺眶而出。

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2.injure vt.损害;伤害 领悟高考·究考法 诵读或完成句子,体会黑体部分含义:
(1)He was injured (injure) in the accident.
(2)Her refusal injured his pride. 她的拒绝伤害了他的自尊心。 (3)By now paramedics(急救人员)had arrived,and were attending to the injured (injure)woman.(2014·福建,阅读理解A)
(4)You should stretch at least ten minutes to prevent injuries.(2015·课标全国Ⅱ,七选五)
为了避免受伤,你应该至少做十分钟的伸展运动。

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体会语境·辨词义

★用injure,wound或hurt的适当形式填空:

①About 50 people

were wounded

in the attack.

②I’m sorry;I didn’t mean to hurt you.

③Fifty people were killed in the earthquake and even more were

injured .

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3.ruin n.[U]毁坏;毁灭;崩溃 [C](pl.)废墟;遗迹 v.(使)破产;(使) 堕落;毁灭
领悟高考·究考法 诵读或翻译句子,体会黑体部分含义:
(1)Many village communities feel their countryside is being ruined.(2014·福建,阅读理解E)
许多乡村社区感到他们的乡村正在被毁掉。 (2)Don’t let negativity ruin your motivation.(2015·福建,阅读理 解E) 不要让消极情绪毁了你的积极性。

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(3)Years of fighting has left that country in ruins. 多年的战争已使那个国家满目疮痍。 (4)A large number of churches came/fell into ruin. 许多教堂都被毁了。

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体会语境·辨词义 ★用ruin,destroy或damage的适当形式填空: The bomb destroyed two buildings completely and the bridge to the village was damaged ,so the villagers were to repair it.Some towns in this area lay in ruins after years of war.

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ⅠⅡ

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.The injured person was badly injured in the chest.But the doctor could not see his injury ,for he was lying on his stomach.(injure) 2.She burst out crying (cry)for a while,and burst into laughter (laugh)for another moment,which left us at a loss. 3.The bridge was completely destroyed ,so they wouldn’t get across.(destroy) 4.Actually,severe damage done to our land is fairly recent.(damage)(2014·福建,短文填词) 5.After the earthquake,the whole city was in ruins (ruin).

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Ⅱ.完成句子 1.这场大雨彻底毁掉了我们的假期。(ruin) The heavy rain completely ruined our holiday . 2.听到这个坏消息,李华失声痛哭起来。(burst into)
Li Hua burst into tears at the bad news. 3.在这场事故中共有10人受伤。 A total of 10 people were injured in the accident

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1.a(great)number of许多的;大量的 领悟高考·究考法 诵读或翻译句子,体会黑体部分含义:
(1)There are an extremely large number of ants worldwide.(2015·安徽,阅读理解D)
全世界有巨大数量的蚂蚁。 (2)She published her first short story at the age of fifteen,and has completed a large number of works.(2013·重庆,阅读理解B) 在十五岁的时候她就发表了第一篇短篇小说,现在已经完成了大 量的著作。

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2.at an end 结束;终结 领悟高考·究考法 翻译句子,体会黑体部分含义:
(1)He went on spending until his money was at an end. 他继续花钱直到花完为止。 (2)What was Mrs.Smith’s attitude to the author at the end of the story?(2015·重庆,阅读理解A) 故事结尾的时候史密斯夫人对作者的态度如何?

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3.one-third三分之一 领悟高考·究考法 诵读句子,体会黑体部分含义:
(1)The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits.(2013·安徽,阅读理解A)
健康*惯调查显示,只有大约三分之一的美国老年人有正确的* 惯。
(2)The professor was delighted to find that two thirds of the project had already been finished.(2015·湖北,完成句子)
教授高兴地发现该项目三分之二的工作已经完成。

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Ⅰ.用冠词或be动词的适当形式填空 1. The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9.(2014·课标全国Ⅱ,阅读理解B) 2. A number of students were late this morning. 3.The meeting came to an end and he set down many key points. 4.Ninety percent of their island was destroyed and they had nothing. 5.Large quantities of money were spent on education.

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Ⅱ.完成句子

1.他的收入是她的三倍。

He earns three times more than/as much as her.

2.吸烟者的数量下降了百分之十七。(2015·江苏,单项填空)

The number of smokers has

dropped by 17 percent.

3.我们班里五分之二的学生喜欢流行音乐。

Two-fifths of the students in our class are fond of pop

music.

4.这件事发生在20世纪20年代。

This happened in the 1920s/1920’s .

5.一直向前走,在路的尽头你会看到这家医院。

Go straight and you’ll find the hospital at the end of the road

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1.It seemed as if the world was at an end! 世界似乎到了末日! 分析提炼·究考法 (1)It seems(to sb.) that/as if...(对某人来说)似乎……。as if引导表 语从句。 (2)as if也可以引导状语从句。如果as if引导的句子表示是真实 的或是极有可能发生的情况时,句子要用陈述语气。例如:

Hurry up!It looks as if it is going to rain. 快点!看起来好像要下雨了。 (3)当从句中说话人所陈述的是不真实的或者极少可能发生或者 存在的情况时,从句用虚拟语气。从句谓语动词的形式如下表:

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与现在事实相反
与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反

从句时态用一般过去时(be 动 词常用 were) 从句时态用过去完成时 从句谓语动词用过去式

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悟考法·用考点 翻译或完成句子: (1)He looks as if he didn’t recognize 他看上去好像并未认出他的老朋友。

his old friend.

(2)It was John who broke the window.Why are you talking to me as if I had done it ?(2014·重庆,单项填空)
是约翰打破的窗户,你为什么和我说啊?就好像是我干的一样。 (3)It seemed as if he enjoyed my company.(2013·广东,阅读理解C) 他似乎喜欢我的陪伴。

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2.All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 分析提炼·究考法 all...not...或not all...表示部分否定。否定词no或not等与表示总括 意义的不定代词,如everything,everybody,both等连用时,表示部分否 定。其完全否定形式用nothing,nobody,none,neither等表示。 领悟考法·用考点 翻译或完成句子: (1)不是所有的男孩子都喜欢运动。
All the boys are not interested in sports./Not all the boys are
interested in sports.

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(2)这些书并非全都受人们的欢迎。 Not all these books are popular with people./All these books are not popular with people. (3)昨天他们两个并没有都来。 Both of them didn’t come yesterday. (4)我们曾有三只猫——现在一只活的也没有了。 We had three cats once—none(of them)is/are alive now.

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重点单词 单词特训 核心短语 短语特训 核心句式 句式特训

完成句子 1.他盯着我看,好像我是一个陌生人。 He stared at me as if I were a stranger . 2.她看起来像生过病一样。 She looks as if she had been ill . 3.并非我们考试都及格了。
Not all of us have passed the exam./ All of us passed the exam. 4.这两道数学题都不简单。
Neither of the maths problems is easy.

haven’t

1、虽然信念有时薄如蝉翼,但只要坚 持,它 会越来 越厚的 。 2、很多事情努力了未必有结果,但是 不努力 却什么 改变也 没有。 3、人生那么多事可以做,鸡毛蒜皮并 不足以 成为你 的全世 界。 3、在我们的一生中,没有人会为你等 待,没 有机遇 会为你 停留, 成功也 需要速 度。 4、生活不能游戏人生,否则就会一事 无成; 生活不 能没有 游戏, 否则就 会单调 无聊。 5、你要求的次数愈多,你就越容易得 到你要 的东西 ,而且 连带地 也会得 到更多 乐趣。 6、把气愤的心境转化为柔和,把柔和 的心境 转化为 爱,如 此,这 个世间 将更加 完美。




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